Securing Your Magento Setup & Magento Website

April 10, 2020

All eCommerce websites are attractive targets to hackers because of the personal and payment information that is required to complete a sale. Even if the web system does not directly process credit card transactions, a compromised/hacked website might reroute web customers to a false page, or change an order before it is transmitted to the payment gateway.

A compromised website can have an effect on both customers and merchants for the long-term. Web Customers will suffer financial loss and identity theft also.

In this article, We are talking about Magento 2 security & implementation of steps.

  1. Make sure that the server operating system is secure. Make sure that there is no unnecessary and unwanted software running on the server.
  2. Always use only secure communications protocol (SSH/SFTP/HTTPS) to manage Magento website files and disable plain FTP.
  3. Install SSL on Magento Website

If you are installing a new site or an existing installation, consider launching the entire site over HTTPs. You should need to create redirects from HTTP to HTTPs, the effort will future-proof your website. Also, Google now uses HTTPs as a ranking factor.

1. Modify Magento Admin Username and Password for website Magento Store

After you have made sure the PCI compliance of your website, change the Magento default admin username. For Magento setup, the word ‘admin’, your own name, your website’s name are too easy a guess for a hacker and thus dangerous. A newly installed Magento website has the website owner’s email as the username. Modify the default Email Address of the website owner as follows:

→ Log in to your Website Magento Admin Panel
→ Go to Admin >> Account Setting

→ Type in the new and unique user name in the “User Name” place and password on the “NewPassowrd” place and last enter your “Current Password” to verify your identity.

→ Click on “Save Account”

2. Modify Magento Website Admin URL

Modifying the default Magento Admin Web URL, it hides your website’s admin page and improves Magento website security. Avoid using usernames as `admin` or `superuser` or another term that isn’t easy to guess.

You can modify the default admin URL by following mentioned steps as below :- 

On the Magento Admin Panel, select Stores >> Configuration

Select Admin in the left-hand column,

Click to the “Admin Base URL” section, and check out the Custom Admin URL to “Yes”. Next, enter the Custom Admin URL in a format like this :- https://www.yourdomain.com/magento/ and then set Custom Admin Path to “Yes”. Next, fill the name of the “Custom Admin Path”. Choose something that is not easily crossable by attackers.

At last, click on the “Save Config” button, and log in with the newly created Magento Admin URL.

3. Use Two-Step Verification for Magento Admin Login

The two-step verification will significantly reduce the security risks related to your Magento admin/user passwords. Even if the hacker has got access to your server's credentials, he just can’t log into your Magento Admin Panel due to added security. Additionally, two-factor authentication also checks brute-forcing. You can install Two-Factor Authentication for your login page too for authentic access to admin/user accounts.

4. Use IP Whitelisting and .htaccess in Magento Website Admin login

It is always recommended to do the IP whitelisting and .htaccess. Whitelisting will help only select whitelisted IPs to reach Magento’s admin panel and it is a smart way you can secure your website. Accordingly, use IP whitelisting and .htaccess password protection to block access to any unknown systems to help with a hideous data leak or brutal attacks.

5. Limit Login Attempts for Magento Admin Panel

Another secure way to lock your Magento website Admin Panel from attackers is to limit the number of failed login attempts. You can also go accordingly and limit the maximum number of Magento Admin Panel password reset requests. This will protect your Magento website from unauthenticated login attempts and brutal attacks.

To configure your Magento website, you can follow the below steps :-

Log into your Magento website Admin Panel and Navigate to “Stores >> Settings”, then, go to Configuration.

Click on “Advanced >> Admin” and expand the “Security” option here and change relevant security settings

6. Set Recommended File & Directory Permissions in Magento web Store

To use Magento for your specific business needs, you have needed to customize the platform. Website Files and folders and their respective permissions play a big part in this. However, it is also complicated.

As a Server Administrator, I recommend having the permission of 755 for Magento Website Directories and 644 for Magento Website files.

7. Backup Your website Data on regular basis

In the case of an unexpected attack, a Website Backup can save your website. A good backup helps you to restore your hacked website in minutes. It is the best disaster management you have got. You can enable backup from E2E Networks MyAccount Portal.

8. Update Magento Website Security Patches

Running Magento websites on outdated and vulnerable versions remains the biggest cause of hacks in CMS. Always update your Magento store on the latest version of Magento. This ensures that your Magento installation doesn’t contain any vulnerability. Every update includes the latest Magento security enhancements.

Check for security updates here – https://magento.com/security

For any reason, you can't upgrade to the latest Magento version, make sure to install all security patches as recommended by Magento. Although Magento releases security patches to fix big major issues, new product releases also include additional improvements to help secure the website.

Check for security patches here – https://magento.com/security/best-practices

9. Secure Magento Store with a Web Application Firewall

E-commerce stores are a big target of Hackers. Using a Web Application Firewall like Imunify360 can help analyze the web traffic and detect suspicious patterns. Imunify360 Firewall can block malicious traffic and IPs attempting hacks on your website. It defends your Magento Store from XSS, LFI, RFI, SQL injection and 100+ security threats and also safe from malwares. 

To know more about our Softaculous Integrated cPanel Cloud servers, kindly check here

Latest Blogs
This is a decorative image for: A Complete Guide To Customer Acquisition For Startups
October 18, 2022

A Complete Guide To Customer Acquisition For Startups

Any business is enlivened by its customers. Therefore, a strategy to constantly bring in new clients is an ongoing requirement. In this regard, having a proper customer acquisition strategy can be of great importance.

So, if you are just starting your business, or planning to expand it, read on to learn more about this concept.

The problem with customer acquisition

As an organization, when working in a diverse and competitive market like India, you need to have a well-defined customer acquisition strategy to attain success. However, this is where most startups struggle. Now, you may have a great product or service, but if you are not in the right place targeting the right demographic, you are not likely to get the results you want.

To resolve this, typically, companies invest, but if that is not channelized properly, it will be futile.

So, the best way out of this dilemma is to have a clear customer acquisition strategy in place.

How can you create the ideal customer acquisition strategy for your business?

  • Define what your goals are

You need to define your goals so that you can meet the revenue expectations you have for the current fiscal year. You need to find a value for the metrics –

  • MRR – Monthly recurring revenue, which tells you all the income that can be generated from all your income channels.
  • CLV – Customer lifetime value tells you how much a customer is willing to spend on your business during your mutual relationship duration.  
  • CAC – Customer acquisition costs, which tells how much your organization needs to spend to acquire customers constantly.
  • Churn rate – It tells you the rate at which customers stop doing business.

All these metrics tell you how well you will be able to grow your business and revenue.

  • Identify your ideal customers

You need to understand who your current customers are and who your target customers are. Once you are aware of your customer base, you can focus your energies in that direction and get the maximum sale of your products or services. You can also understand what your customers require through various analytics and markers and address them to leverage your products/services towards them.

  • Choose your channels for customer acquisition

How will you acquire customers who will eventually tell at what scale and at what rate you need to expand your business? You could market and sell your products on social media channels like Instagram, Facebook and YouTube, or invest in paid marketing like Google Ads. You need to develop a unique strategy for each of these channels. 

  • Communicate with your customers

If you know exactly what your customers have in mind, then you will be able to develop your customer strategy with a clear perspective in mind. You can do it through surveys or customer opinion forms, email contact forms, blog posts and social media posts. After that, you just need to measure the analytics, clearly understand the insights, and improve your strategy accordingly.

Combining these strategies with your long-term business plan will bring results. However, there will be challenges on the way, where you need to adapt as per the requirements to make the most of it. At the same time, introducing new technologies like AI and ML can also solve such issues easily. To learn more about the use of AI and ML and how they are transforming businesses, keep referring to the blog section of E2E Networks.

Reference Links

https://www.helpscout.com/customer-acquisition/

https://www.cloudways.com/blog/customer-acquisition-strategy-for-startups/

https://blog.hubspot.com/service/customer-acquisition

This is a decorative image for: Constructing 3D objects through Deep Learning
October 18, 2022

Image-based 3D Object Reconstruction State-of-the-Art and trends in the Deep Learning Era

3D reconstruction is one of the most complex issues of deep learning systems. There have been multiple types of research in this field, and almost everything has been tried on it — computer vision, computer graphics and machine learning, but to no avail. However, that has resulted in CNN or convolutional neural networks foraying into this field, which has yielded some success.

The Main Objective of the 3D Object Reconstruction

Developing this deep learning technology aims to infer the shape of 3D objects from 2D images. So, to conduct the experiment, you need the following:

  • Highly calibrated cameras that take a photograph of the image from various angles.
  • Large training datasets can predict the geometry of the object whose 3D image reconstruction needs to be done. These datasets can be collected from a database of images, or they can be collected and sampled from a video.

By using the apparatus and datasets, you will be able to proceed with the 3D reconstruction from 2D datasets.

State-of-the-art Technology Used by the Datasets for the Reconstruction of 3D Objects

The technology used for this purpose needs to stick to the following parameters:

  • Input

Training with the help of one or multiple RGB images, where the segmentation of the 3D ground truth needs to be done. It could be one image, multiple images or even a video stream.

The testing will also be done on the same parameters, which will also help to create a uniform, cluttered background, or both.

  • Output

The volumetric output will be done in both high and low resolution, and the surface output will be generated through parameterisation, template deformation and point cloud. Moreover, the direct and intermediate outputs will be calculated this way.

  • Network architecture used

The architecture used in training is 3D-VAE-GAN, which has an encoder and a decoder, with TL-Net and conditional GAN. At the same time, the testing architecture is 3D-VAE, which has an encoder and a decoder.

  • Training used

The degree of supervision used in 2D vs 3D supervision, weak supervision along with loss functions have to be included in this system. The training procedure is adversarial training with joint 2D and 3D embeddings. Also, the network architecture is extremely important for the speed and processing quality of the output images.

  • Practical applications and use cases

Volumetric representations and surface representations can do the reconstruction. Powerful computer systems need to be used for reconstruction.

Given below are some of the places where 3D Object Reconstruction Deep Learning Systems are used:

  • 3D reconstruction technology can be used in the Police Department for drawing the faces of criminals whose images have been procured from a crime site where their faces are not completely revealed.
  • It can be used for re-modelling ruins at ancient architectural sites. The rubble or the debris stubs of structures can be used to recreate the entire building structure and get an idea of how it looked in the past.
  • They can be used in plastic surgery where the organs, face, limbs or any other portion of the body has been damaged and needs to be rebuilt.
  • It can be used in airport security, where concealed shapes can be used for guessing whether a person is armed or is carrying explosives or not.
  • It can also help in completing DNA sequences.

So, if you are planning to implement this technology, then you can rent the required infrastructure from E2E Networks and avoid investing in it. And if you plan to learn more about such topics, then keep a tab on the blog section of the website

Reference Links

https://tongtianta.site/paper/68922

https://github.com/natowi/3D-Reconstruction-with-Deep-Learning-Methods

This is a decorative image for: Comprehensive Guide to Deep Q-Learning for Data Science Enthusiasts
October 18, 2022

A Comprehensive Guide To Deep Q-Learning For Data Science Enthusiasts

For all data science enthusiasts who would love to dig deep, we have composed a write-up about Q-Learning specifically for you all. Deep Q-Learning and Reinforcement learning (RL) are extremely popular these days. These two data science methodologies use Python libraries like TensorFlow 2 and openAI’s Gym environment.

So, read on to know more.

What is Deep Q-Learning?

Deep Q-Learning utilizes the principles of Q-learning, but instead of using the Q-table, it uses the neural network. The algorithm of deep Q-Learning uses the states as input and the optimal Q-value of every action possible as the output. The agent gathers and stores all the previous experiences in the memory of the trained tuple in the following order:

State> Next state> Action> Reward

The neural network training stability increases using a random batch of previous data by using the experience replay. Experience replay also means the previous experiences stocking, and the target network uses it for training and calculation of the Q-network and the predicted Q-Value. This neural network uses openAI Gym, which is provided by taxi-v3 environments.

Now, any understanding of Deep Q-Learning   is incomplete without talking about Reinforcement Learning.

What is Reinforcement Learning?

Reinforcement is a subsection of ML. This part of ML is related to the action in which an environmental agent participates in a reward-based system and uses Reinforcement Learning to maximize the rewards. Reinforcement Learning is a different technique from unsupervised learning or supervised learning because it does not require a supervised input/output pair. The number of corrections is also less, so it is a highly efficient technique.

Now, the understanding of reinforcement learning is incomplete without knowing about Markov Decision Process (MDP). MDP is involved with each state that has been presented in the results of the environment, derived from the state previously there. The information which composes both states is gathered and transferred to the decision process. The task of the chosen agent is to maximize the awards. The MDP optimizes the actions and helps construct the optimal policy.

For developing the MDP, you need to follow the Q-Learning Algorithm, which is an extremely important part of data science and machine learning.

What is Q-Learning Algorithm?

The process of Q-Learning is important for understanding the data from scratch. It involves defining the parameters, choosing the actions from the current state and also choosing the actions from the previous state and then developing a Q-table for maximizing the results or output rewards.

The 4 steps that are involved in Q-Learning:

  1. Initializing parameters – The RL (reinforcement learning) model learns the set of actions that the agent requires in the state, environment and time.
  2. Identifying current state – The model stores the prior records for optimal action definition for maximizing the results. For acting in the present state, the state needs to be identified and perform an action combination for it.
  3. Choosing the optimal action set and gaining the relevant experience – A Q-table is generated from the data with a set of specific states and actions, and the weight of this data is calculated for updating the Q-Table to the following step.
  4. Updating Q-table rewards and next state determination – After the relevant experience is gained and agents start getting environmental records. The reward amplitude helps to present the subsequent step.  

In case the Q-table size is huge, then the generation of the model is a time-consuming process. This situation requires Deep Q-learning.

Hopefully, this write-up has provided an outline of Deep Q-Learning and its related concepts. If you wish to learn more about such topics, then keep a tab on the blog section of the E2E Networks website.

Reference Links

https://analyticsindiamag.com/comprehensive-guide-to-deep-q-learning-for-data-science-enthusiasts/

https://medium.com/@jereminuerofficial/a-comprehensive-guide-to-deep-q-learning-8aeed632f52f

Build on the most powerful infrastructure cloud

A vector illustration of a tech city using latest cloud technologies & infrastructure