All eCommerce websites are attractive targets to hackers because of the personal and payment information that is required to complete a sale. Even if the web system does not directly process credit card transactions, a compromised/hacked website might reroute web customers to a false page, or change an order before it is transmitted to the payment gateway.
A compromised website can have an effect on both customers and merchants for the long-term. Web Customers will suffer financial loss and identity theft also.
In this article, We are talking about Magento 2 security & implementation of steps.
- Make sure that the server operating system is secure. Make sure that there is no unnecessary and unwanted software running on the server.
- Always use only secure communications protocol (SSH/SFTP/HTTPS) to manage Magento website files and disable plain FTP.
- Install SSL on Magento Website
If you are installing a new site or an existing installation, consider launching the entire site over HTTPs. You should need to create redirects from HTTP to HTTPs, the effort will future-proof your website. Also, Google now uses HTTPs as a ranking factor.
1. Modify Magento Admin Username and Password for website Magento Store
After you have made sure the PCI compliance of your website, change the Magento default admin username. For Magento setup, the word ‘admin’, your own name, your website’s name are too easy a guess for a hacker and thus dangerous. A newly installed Magento website has the website owner’s email as the username. Modify the default Email Address of the website owner as follows:
→ Log in to your Website Magento Admin Panel
→ Go to Admin >> Account Setting
→ Type in the new and unique user name in the “User Name” place and password on the “NewPassowrd” place and last enter your “Current Password” to verify your identity.
→ Click on “Save Account”
2. Modify Magento Website Admin URL
Modifying the default Magento Admin Web URL, it hides your website’s admin page and improves Magento website security. Avoid using usernames as `admin` or `superuser` or another term that isn’t easy to guess.
You can modify the default admin URL by following mentioned steps as below :-
On the Magento Admin Panel, select Stores >> Configuration
Select Admin in the left-hand column,
Click to the “Admin Base URL” section, and check out the Custom Admin URL to “Yes”. Next, enter the Custom Admin URL in a format like this :- https://www.yourdomain.com/magento/ and then set Custom Admin Path to “Yes”. Next, fill the name of the “Custom Admin Path”. Choose something that is not easily crossable by attackers.
At last, click on the “Save Config” button, and log in with the newly created Magento Admin URL.
3. Use Two-Step Verification for Magento Admin Login
The two-step verification will significantly reduce the security risks related to your Magento admin/user passwords. Even if the hacker has got access to your server's credentials, he just can’t log into your Magento Admin Panel due to added security. Additionally, two-factor authentication also checks brute-forcing. You can install Two-Factor Authentication for your login page too for authentic access to admin/user accounts.
4. Use IP Whitelisting and .htaccess in Magento Website Admin login
It is always recommended to do the IP whitelisting and .htaccess. Whitelisting will help only select whitelisted IPs to reach Magento’s admin panel and it is a smart way you can secure your website. Accordingly, use IP whitelisting and .htaccess password protection to block access to any unknown systems to help with a hideous data leak or brutal attacks.
5. Limit Login Attempts for Magento Admin Panel
Another secure way to lock your Magento website Admin Panel from attackers is to limit the number of failed login attempts. You can also go accordingly and limit the maximum number of Magento Admin Panel password reset requests. This will protect your Magento website from unauthenticated login attempts and brutal attacks.
To configure your Magento website, you can follow the below steps :-
Log into your Magento website Admin Panel and Navigate to “Stores >> Settings”, then, go to Configuration.
Click on “Advanced >> Admin” and expand the “Security” option here and change relevant security settings
6. Set Recommended File & Directory Permissions in Magento web Store
To use Magento for your specific business needs, you have needed to customize the platform. Website Files and folders and their respective permissions play a big part in this. However, it is also complicated.
As a Server Administrator, I recommend having the permission of 755 for Magento Website Directories and 644 for Magento Website files.
7. Backup Your website Data on regular basis
In the case of an unexpected attack, a Website Backup can save your website. A good backup helps you to restore your hacked website in minutes. It is the best disaster management you have got. You can enable backup from E2E Networks MyAccount Portal.
8. Update Magento Website Security Patches
Running Magento websites on outdated and vulnerable versions remains the biggest cause of hacks in CMS. Always update your Magento store on the latest version of Magento. This ensures that your Magento installation doesn’t contain any vulnerability. Every update includes the latest Magento security enhancements.
Check for security updates here – https://magento.com/security
For any reason, you can't upgrade to the latest Magento version, make sure to install all security patches as recommended by Magento. Although Magento releases security patches to fix big major issues, new product releases also include additional improvements to help secure the website.
Check for security patches here – https://magento.com/security/best-practices
9. Secure Magento Store with a Web Application Firewall
E-commerce stores are a big target of Hackers. Using a Web Application Firewall like Imunify360 can help analyze the web traffic and detect suspicious patterns. Imunify360 Firewall can block malicious traffic and IPs attempting hacks on your website. It defends your Magento Store from XSS, LFI, RFI, SQL injection and 100+ security threats and also safe from malwares.
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