3D reconstruction is one of the most complex issues of deep learning systems. There have been multiple types of research in this field, and almost everything has been tried on it — computer vision, computer graphics and machine learning, but to no avail. However, that has resulted in CNN or convolutional neural networks foraying into this field, which has yielded some success.
The Main Objective of the 3D Object Reconstruction
Developing this deep learning technology aims to infer the shape of 3D objects from 2D images. So, to conduct the experiment, you need the following:
- Highly calibrated cameras that take a photograph of the image from various angles.
- Large training datasets can predict the geometry of the object whose 3D image reconstruction needs to be done. These datasets can be collected from a database of images, or they can be collected and sampled from a video.
By using the apparatus and datasets, you will be able to proceed with the 3D reconstruction from 2D datasets.
State-of-the-art Technology Used by the Datasets for the Reconstruction of 3D Objects
The technology used for this purpose needs to stick to the following parameters:
Training with the help of one or multiple RGB images, where the segmentation of the 3D ground truth needs to be done. It could be one image, multiple images or even a video stream.
The testing will also be done on the same parameters, which will also help to create a uniform, cluttered background, or both.
The volumetric output will be done in both high and low resolution, and the surface output will be generated through parameterisation, template deformation and point cloud. Moreover, the direct and intermediate outputs will be calculated this way.
- Network architecture used
The architecture used in training is 3D-VAE-GAN, which has an encoder and a decoder, with TL-Net and conditional GAN. At the same time, the testing architecture is 3D-VAE, which has an encoder and a decoder.
- Training used
The degree of supervision used in 2D vs 3D supervision, weak supervision along with loss functions have to be included in this system. The training procedure is adversarial training with joint 2D and 3D embeddings. Also, the network architecture is extremely important for the speed and processing quality of the output images.
- Practical applications and use cases
Volumetric representations and surface representations can do the reconstruction. Powerful computer systems need to be used for reconstruction.
Given below are some of the places where 3D Object Reconstruction Deep Learning Systems are used:
- 3D reconstruction technology can be used in the Police Department for drawing the faces of criminals whose images have been procured from a crime site where their faces are not completely revealed.
- It can be used for re-modelling ruins at ancient architectural sites. The rubble or the debris stubs of structures can be used to recreate the entire building structure and get an idea of how it looked in the past.
- They can be used in plastic surgery where the organs, face, limbs or any other portion of the body has been damaged and needs to be rebuilt.
- It can be used in airport security, where concealed shapes can be used for guessing whether a person is armed or is carrying explosives or not.
- It can also help in completing DNA sequences.
So, if you are planning to implement this technology, then you can rent the required infrastructure from E2E Networks and avoid investing in it. And if you plan to learn more about such topics, then keep a tab on the blog section of the website.