What is M-Star CFD Container in NVIDIA GPU Cloud?

March 16, 2022

Several engineers and scientists use M-Star CFD to simulate particle movement, chemical bonding, heat transport and rigid-body dynamics. It uses the lattice Boltzmann equations to simulate fluid physics using computer graphics processing units (GPUs). This technology enables the creation of exceedingly complex flow fields in a short amount of time. M-Star Simulations (based in Maryland) is responsible for the development, maintenance and support of M-Star CFD. 

The primary components of the software are as follows:

  • Pre-processor: Develops CAD files, geometry and physics for simulation.
  • Solver: This program runs simulations and generates data files. 
  • Post-processor: Examines output files from Solver Utilities.
  • Utilities: Other apps that can be used to run previews.

This program is used on the user’s desktop and server environments. M-Star servers do not process any data. Client resources are used for all calculations and data. If the client is using an M-Star-maintained floating-licensing server, then only network access to third-party resources is possible. 

M-Star CFD container in NVIDIA GPU Cloud is a cross-platform tool that runs on Microsoft Windows and a variety of Linux distributions. The Pre- and Post-Processors can run on almost any resource with a good GPU. The Solver may be used on both Windows and Linux. An Nvidia GPU is required to execute the solver on GPUs. Additional hardware, such as NVLink, NVSwitch and Infiniband devices will be required for multi-GPU runs.

M-Star is a specialised CFD-simulation software that was specifically built to give accurate results. You can fully use GPU architectures to realise order-of-magnitude improvements in the performance and fidelity because it was created from the ground up to run on GPUs. 

Engineers and scientists can view quantitative time-evolving estimates of shear forces at the air/liquid interface, the effect of volume/viscosity on mix times and the visual demonstration of flow patterns in the vessel during concentrations using the M-Star CFD simulation rendering. This understanding of fluid dynamics can be used to adjust operating parameters in the UF/DF stage to reduce protein degradation and increase process homogeneity.

Data flow

All components of M-Star read and write files from the local resource disk drives of the system. The following is the data flow: 

  1. Pre-Processor: The user prepares their model and uploads Solver Input Files in the Pre-Processor. 
  2. Solver: These Solver Input Files are used to run the solver. During the simulation, output files are created. 
  3. Post-Processor: After generating charts, photos, video, data tables and values, the user post-processes their output data.

How are each component of M-Star CFD Containers linked?

Pre-Processor

The OpenCASCADE CAD library is heavily used in the Pre Processor. This free software library can read and write standard CAD formats, run modelling algorithms and show geometry, among other things. Because the Pre Processor is a licence-controlled application, it requires the Reprise Licence Management (RLM) software to function. It is a third-party closed-source library for enforcing licence policies. 

The software uses GTK3 to implement the UI layer on Linux computers. It is recommended that you use the GTK3 version offered by your Linux distribution package management. The app only uses the built-in Windows UI libraries on Windows.

The PreProcessor validates the licence at runtime. The licence can alternatively be configured locally as a file. Depending on the configuration, this connection may or may not occur. The pre-processor may use other M-Star tools to run previewers or other utilities during runtime. In most cases, these programs function by writing files to the user’s temporary directory and reading them back into the pre-processor.

Solver

To implement the solver, it mostly uses CUDA and MPI. NVIDIA’s CUDA is a closed-source software that is used by GPU-enabled applications. MPI is a general-purpose software library that allows data to be transferred across processes or threads in scientific applications. Because this is a licence-controlled application, RLM is used to enforce the licence policy.

The solver takes the advantage of MPI to run numerous processes that communicate with one another via a variety of channels. A single GPU is dedicated to each solver operation. The NVLINK/NVSWITCH hardware allows the GPU processes to communicate with one another. This is specialised hardware that allows GPUs to access memory at fast speeds without copying data to system/CPU memory. Running in multi-GPU environments necessitates the correct configuration of the NVLINK/NVSWITCH hardware.

Post-Processor

Kitware’s Paraview software is used to create the M-Star post-processor. It has no control over licences. This system reads and processes the solver output files. After that, the user can export data, charts, photos and other items from the software. It is important to note that it is not licence-regulated and so does not have any connections to licence servers.

Conclusion

M-Star is a specialised CFD simulation software that was specifically built to give accurate results. You can fully use GPU architectures to realise order-of-magnitude improvements in the performance and fidelity because it was created from the ground up to run on GPUs. 

Engineers and scientists can view quantitative time-evolving estimates of shear forces at the air/liquid interface, the effect of volume/viscosity on mix times and the visual demonstration of flow patterns in the vessel during concentrations using the M-Star CFD simulation rendering. This understanding of fluid dynamics can be used to adjust operating parameters in the UF/DF stage to reduce protein degradation and increase process homogeneity.

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This is a decorative image for Project Management for AI-ML-DL Projects
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Project Management for AI-ML-DL Projects

Managing a project properly is one of the factors behind its completion and subsequent success. The same can be said for any artificial intelligence (AI)/machine learning (ML)/deep learning (DL) project. Moreover, efficient management in this segment holds even more prominence as it requires continuous testing before delivering the final product.

An efficient project manager will ensure that there is ample time from the concept to the final product so that a client’s requirements are met without any delays and issues.

How is Project Management Done For AI, ML or DL Projects?

As already established, efficient project management is of great importance in AI/ML/DL projects. So, if you are planning to move into this field as a professional, here are some tips –

  • Identifying the problem-

The first step toward managing an AI project is the identification of the problem. What are we trying to solve or what outcome do we desire? AI is a means to receive the outcome that we desire. Multiple solutions are chosen on which AI solutions are built.

  • Testing whether the solution matches the problem-

After the problem has been identified, then testing the solution is done. We try to find out whether we have chosen the right solution for the problem. At this stage, we can ideally understand how to begin with an artificial intelligence or machine learning or deep learning project. We also need to understand whether customers will pay for this solution to the problem.

AI and ML engineers test this problem-solution fit through various techniques such as the traditional lean approach or the product design sprint. These techniques help us by analysing the solution within the deadline easily.

  • Preparing the data and managing it-

If you have a stable customer base for your AI, ML or DL solutions, then begin the project by collecting data and managing it. We begin by segregating the available data into unstructured and structured forms. It is easy to do the division of data in small and medium companies. It is because the amount of data is less. However, other players who own big businesses have large amounts of data to work on. Data engineers use all the tools and techniques to organise and clean up the data.

  • Choosing the algorithm for the problem-

To keep the blog simple, we will try not to mention the technical side of AI algorithms in the content here. There are different types of algorithms which depend on the type of machine learning technique we employ. If it is the supervised learning model, then the classification helps us in labelling the project and the regression helps us predict the quantity. A data engineer can choose from any of the popular algorithms like the Naïve Bayes classification or the random forest algorithm. If the unsupervised learning model is used, then clustering algorithms are used.

  • Training the algorithm-

For training algorithms, one needs to use various AI techniques, which are done through software developed by programmers. While most of the job is done in Python, nowadays, JavaScript, Java, C++ and Julia are also used. So, a developmental team is set up at this stage. These developers make a minimum threshold that is able to generate the necessary statistics to train the algorithm.  

  • Deployment of the project-

After the project is completed, then we come to its deployment. It can either be deployed on a local server or the Cloud. So, data engineers see if the local GPU or the Cloud GPU are in order. And, then they deploy the code along with the required dashboard to view the analytics.

Final Words-

To sum it up, this is a generic overview of how a project management system should work for AI/ML/DL projects. However, a point to keep in mind here is that this is not a universal process. The particulars will alter according to a specific project. 

Reference Links:

https://www.datacamp.com/blog/how-to-manage-ai-projects-effectively

https://appinventiv.com/blog/ai-project-management/#:~:text=There%20are%20six%20steps%20that,product%20on%20the%20right%20platform.

https://www.datascience-pm.com/manage-ai-projects/

https://community.pmi.org/blog-post/70065/how-can-i-manage-complex-ai-projects-#_=_

This is a decorative image for Top 7 AI & ML start-ups in Telecom Industry in India
June 29, 2022

Top 7 AI & ML start-ups in Telecom Industry in India

With the multiple technological advancements witnessed by India as a country in the last few years, deep learning, machine learning and artificial intelligence have come across as futuristic technologies that will lead to the improved management of data hungry workloads.

 

The availability of artificial intelligence and machine learning in almost all industries today, including the telecom industry in India, has helped change the way of operational management for many existing businesses and startups that are the exclusive service providers in India.

 

In addition to that, the awareness and popularity of cloud GPU servers or other GPU cloud computing mediums have encouraged AI and ML startups in the telecom industry in India to take up their efficiency a notch higher by combining these technologies with cloud computing GPU. Let us look into the 7 AI and ML startups in the telecom industry in India 2022 below.

 

Top AI and ML Startups in Telecom Industry 

With 5G being the top priority for the majority of companies in the telecom industry in India, the importance of providing network affordability for everyone around the country has become the sole mission. Technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning are the key digital transformation techniques that can change the way networks rotates in the country. The top startups include the following:

Wiom

Founded in 2021, Wiom is a telecom startup using various technologies like deep learning and artificial intelligence to create a blockchain-based working model for internet delivery. It is an affordable scalable model that might incorporate GPU cloud servers in the future when data flow increases. 

TechVantage

As one of the companies that are strongly driven by data and unique state-of-the-art solutions for revenue generation and cost optimization, TechVantage is a startup in the telecom industry that betters the user experiences for leading telecom heroes with improved media generation and reach, using GPU cloud online

Manthan

As one of the strongest performers is the customer analytics solutions, Manthan is a supporting startup in India in the telecom industry. It is an almost business assistant that can help with leveraging deep analytics for improved efficiency. For denser database management, NVIDIA A100 80 GB is one of their top choices. 

NetraDyne

Just as NVIDIA is known as a top GPU cloud provider, NetraDyne can be named as a telecom startup, even if not directly. It aims to use artificial intelligence and machine learning to increase road safety which is also a key concern for the telecom providers, for their field team. It assists with fleet management. 

KeyPoint Tech

This AI- and ML-driven startup is all set to combine various technologies to provide improved technology solutions for all devices and platforms. At present, they do not use any available cloud GPU servers but expect to experiment with GPU cloud computing in the future when data inflow increases.

 

Helpshift

Actively known to resolve customer communication, it is also considered to be a startup in the telecom industry as it facilitates better communication among customers for increased engagement and satisfaction. 

Facilio

An AI startup in Chennai, Facilio is a facility operation and maintenance solution that aims to improve the machine efficiency needed for network tower management, buildings, machines, etc.

 

In conclusion, the telecom industry in India is actively looking to improve the services provided to customers to ensure maximum customer satisfaction. From top-class networking solutions to better management of increasing databases using GPU cloud or other GPU online services to manage data hungry workloads efficiently, AI and MI-enabled solutions have taken the telecom industry by storm. Moreover, with the introduction of artificial intelligence and machine learning in this industry, the scope of innovation and improvement is higher than ever before.

 

 

References

https://www.inventiva.co.in/trends/telecom-startup-funding-inr-30-crore/

https://www.mygreatlearning.com/blog/top-ai-startups-in-india/

This is a decorative image for Top 7 AI Startups in Education Industry
June 29, 2022

Top 7 AI Startups in Education Industry

The evolution of the global education system is an interesting thing to watch. The way this whole sector has transformed in the past decade can make a great case study on how modern technology like artificial intelligence (AI) makes a tangible difference in human life. 

In this evolution, edtech startups have played a pivotal role. And, in this write-up, you will get a chance to learn about some of them. So, read on to explore more.

Top AI Startups in the Education Industry-

Following is a list of education startups that are making a difference in the way this sector is transforming –

  1. Miko

Miko started its operations in 2015 in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Miko has made a companion for children. This companion is a bot which is powered by AI technology. The bot is able to perform an array of functions like talking, responding, educating, providing entertainment, and also understanding a child’s requirements. Additionally, the bot can answer what the child asks. It can also carry out a guided discussion for clarifying any topic to the child. Miko bots are integrated with a companion app which allows parents to control them through their Android and iOS devices. 

  1. iNurture

iNurture was founded in 2005 in Bengaluru, Karnataka. It provides universities assistance with job-oriented UG and PG courses. It offers courses in IT, innovation, marketing leadership, business analytics, financial services, design and new media, and design. One of its popular products is KRACKiN. It is an AI-powered platform which engages students and provides employment with career guidance. 

  1. Verzeo

Verzeo started its operations in 2018 in Bengaluru, Karnataka. It is a platform based on AI and ML. It provides academic programmes involving multi-disciplinary learning that can later culminate in getting an internship. These programmes are in subjects like artificial intelligence, machine learning, digital marketing and robotics.

  1. EnglishEdge 

EnglishEdge was founded in Noida in 2012. EnglishEdge provides courses driven by AI for getting skilled in English. There are several programmes to polish your English skills through courses provided online like professional edge, conversation edge, grammar edge and professional edge. There is also a portable lab for schools using smart classes for teaching the language. 

  1. CollPoll

CollPoll was founded in 2013 in Bengaluru, Karnataka. The platform is mobile- and web-based. CollPoll helps in managing educational institutions. It helps in the management of admission, curriculum, timetable, placement, fees and other features. College or university administrators, faculty and students can share opinions, ideas and information on a central server from their Android and iOS phones.

  1. Thinkster

Thinkster was founded in 2010 in Bengaluru, Karnataka. Thinkster is a program for learning mathematics and it is based on AI. The program is specifically focused on teaching mathematics to K-12 students. Students get a personalised experience as classes are conducted in a one-on-one session with the tutors of mathematics. Teachers can give scores for daily worksheets along with personalised comments for the improvement of students. The platform uses AI to analyse students’ performance. You can access the app through Android and iOS devices.

  1. ByteLearn 

ByteLearn was founded in Noida in 2020. ByteLean is an assistant driven by artificial intelligence which helps mathematics teachers and other coaches to tutor students on its platform. It provides students attention in one-on-one sessions. ByteLearn also helps students with personalised practice sessions.

Key Highlights

  • High demand for AI-powered personalised education, adaptive learning and task automation is steering the market.
  • Several AI segments such as speech and image recognition, machine learning algorithms and natural language processing can radically enhance the learning system with automatic performance assessment, 24x7 tutoring and support and personalised lessons.
  • As per the market reports of P&S Intelligence, the worldwide AI in the education industry has a valuation of $1.1 billion as of 2019.
  • In 2030, it is projected to attain $25.7 billion, indicating a 32.9% CAGR from 2020 to 2030.

Bottom Line

Rising reliability on smart devices, huge spending on AI technologies and edtech and highly developed learning infrastructure are the primary contributors to the growth education sector has witnessed recently. Notably, artificial intelligence in the education sector will expand drastically. However, certain unmapped areas require innovations.

With experienced well-coordinated teams and engaging ideas, AI education startups can achieve great success.

Reference Links:

https://belitsoft.com/custom-elearning-development/ai-in-education/ai-in-edtech

https://www.emergenresearch.com/blog/top-10-leading-companies-in-the-artificial-intelligence-in-education-sector-market

https://xenoss.io/blog/ai-edtech-startups

https://riiid.com/en/about

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