What is LAMP stack?
LAMP stack is a combination of operating system and open source softwares stack which are significant in setting up a server initially. The acronym stands for Linux, Apache HTTP server, MySQL/MariaDB and PHP/Perl/Python. This article will guide you through the steps involved in installing Apache HTTP server, MySQL and PHP on your server assuming that the Operating system CentOS 6 is already installed in it.
Installing Apache HTTP server
Apache or Apache HTTP is the most commonly used web server around the world accounting for more than 50% of the market share currently. To install apache follow the steps below:
Step 1: Use the following commands in the terminal
sudo yum update
After the update process is finished, install Apache HTTP server using the command.
sudo yum install httpd
You will receive an authentication message, accept it by entering Y and continue with the installation. Then start your web server installed on the VPS by running the command
sudo service httpd start
Step 2: Verify the installation by entering the following URL on your web browser.
If the web server has been installed properly, your web browser will direct you to the web page that looks similar to the following:
MySQL is a database management system software which is used to handle, store and retrieve databases in DB servers. To install MySQL, follow the steps below:
Step 1: Enter the command in the terminal
sudo yum install mysql-server
While the installation is in process you will be asked for permission, enter y and continue the installation. When the installation is finished successfully you can start mysql.
sudo service mysqld start
Step 2: Run the following command to address several security issues with the default MySQL installation.
You will be asked to enter root password, since you jut installed MySQL you wont be having any root password. So press enter and continue.
You will be given the choice to change the MySQL root password, remove anonymous user accounts, disable root logins outside of localhost and remove test databases. It is recommended that you answer yes to these options and move on with the process.
Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] Y New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y ... Success! By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MySQL!
PHP is a scripting language used in web designing to build dynamic web pages.
Step 1: Use the following command in the terminal
sudo yum install php php-mysql
You will receive a prompt message, enter y and finish the installation.
Step 2: Lots of additional PHP modules are available that can be installed easily. Eventhough this is an optional step, if you want to install additional modules follow the steps below.
To check the available modules, enter the command in the terminal
yum search php-
Output: Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirror.fibergrid.in * extras: mirror.fibergrid.in * updates: mirror.fibergrid.in ========================================================================== N/S Matched: php- =========================================================================== php-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library php-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP php-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP php-dba.x86_64 : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications php-devel.x86_64 : Files needed for building PHP extensions php-embedded.x86_64 : PHP library for embedding in applications php-enchant.x86_64 : Human Language and Character Encoding Support php-fpm.x86_64 : PHP FastCGI Process Manager php-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library php-imap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use IMAP php-intl.x86_64 : Internationalization extension for PHP applications php-ldap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP php-mbstring.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string handling php-mysql.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases php-odbc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases php-pdo.x86_64 : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications php-pear.noarch : PHP Extension and Application Repository framework php-pecl-apc.x86_64 : APC caches and optimizes PHP intermediate code php-pecl-apc-devel.i686 : APC developer files (header) php-pecl-apc-devel.x86_64 : APC developer files (header) php-pecl-memcache.x86_64 : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon php-pgsql.x86_64 : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP php-process.x86_64 : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces php-pspell.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using pspell interfaces php-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library php-snmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that query SNMP-managed devices php-soap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol php-tidy.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides tidy library support php-xml.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use XML php-xmlrpc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol php-zts.x86_64 : Thread-safe PHP interpreter for use with the Apache HTTP Server Name and summary matches only, use "search all" for everything.
To know the details of the package or module type the following
yum info module-name
In place of module-name, enter the name of the corresponding module. For example,
yum info php-bcmath
To install that package, type the following
sudo yum install php-bcmath
You can install multiple php packages according to your requirements.
We should also set the processes to run automatically when the server boots (php will run automatically once Apache starts):
sudo chkconfig httpd on sudo chkconfig mysqld on
Step 3: To verify if php is installed properly into your VPS, create a file by using the command below
sudo vim /var/www/html/info.php
Press the key I to edit the file, enter the following content in the file and then save and exit by pressing ESC key followed by :wq! then hit Enter.
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Restarting web server
The final step in installing the LAMP stack on CentOS 6 is to restart the Apacheweb server . This is done in order for the web server to recognize the changes done to the server.
sudo service httpd restart
This will restart the server immediately and there you go. You have now installed LAMP stack on your server running on CentOS 6.
You can check the installation of php by entering the following URL in your web browser.