Whenever we mention the word artificial intelligence a lot of things flood our brains. Some people may think about virtual assistants, a special kind of computer program, or even famous science fiction movies. To be honest, artificial intelligence is not a fictional concept anymore.
Artificial intelligence is already around us and it is helping us out in a lot of different ways. For example, whenever we visit a streaming service we get movie, music, or series recommendations. Similarly, when we utilize a transportation service, it can optimize to show us the best route to reach our destination.
Artificial intelligence is a complex environment of associated avant-garde technologies which have been continuously transforming over the years and are continuing its progress. Therefore, we can rightly say that the history of artificial intelligence is composite and sophisticated at the same time.
AI in the 20th century
Contemporary artificial intelligence emerged from the top universities’ research departments where researchers were engrossed in the future of computer science. Due to the insufficiency of proper hardware and data, the progress or research in this field was very limited. The first important step toward artificial intelligence was taken by Dartmouth College in the year 1956 when the college hosted a summer research program on AI.
Just after a year, in 1957 American psychologist Frank Rosenblatt tried to expand the research in this field. Suddenly more and more researchers started gaining interest in artificial intelligence and different projects related to the same field were initiated. Programming languages such as Lisp, the ACL2 logic system, SHRDLU natural language program, etc. are the outcomes of such projects.
Artificial intelligence in the 21st century
From the year 2000, developers all over the world started developing complex algorithms due to the rise of open source software, advanced computational power, and huge datasets. This particular environment brought a revolution in the business, scientific, manufacturing, and consumer communities. Artificial intelligence is currently being used by multiple companies to resolve problems and develop their businesses further.
Offering new ways to arrange data
With the web revolution, a lot of changes happened in artificial intelligence research. Technologies like PageRank and XML arranged the data in such a way that artificial intelligence could use it. The XML was a precondition for any search engines and PageRank made the web more organized. Therefore, the data became more approachable to AI.
In the past two decades, artificial intelligence and automation have become more and more applicable to tackle advanced business issues. Most importantly, artificial intelligence is getting better at evaluating data and companies are using the same to become smart and efficient in their productivity.
With further advancements in artificial intelligence technology, we will be able to see more and more companies or enterprises using machine learning, RPA, data analytics, etc. to completely transform their businesses. Artificial intelligence will not be limited to developers and researchers, even normal people will make use of this technology to find solutions to their everyday problems.